Caracas, 18 Jun. AVN.- The relationship between nature and human beings has changed significantly during the last decades as a result of the irrational use of natural resources and large amount of polluting agents that degrade and put at risk the future of humanity.
"The temperature of the globe has been growing, result of the capitalist and predatory system. We must make greater efforts and be more aware of this problem to help to save life on this planet and the survival of human kind, which is threatened in the middle term," said about the matter president Hugo Chavez last Monday.
In this connection, during the Rio+20 Summit, to take place on June 20-22 in Brazil, Venezuela will foster a view with deep social commitment and environmental vocation, including the review of predatory ways of capitalist production, explained Vice Minister for North American Affairs and Venezuela's chief negotiator at the Rio+20 conference, Claudia Salerno.
She said Venezuela's battle to change the capitalist destructive model will not end with Rio+20, since it will be a main aspect among the historic goals of the Socialist Government Plan 2013-2019 proposed by president Hugo Chavez when he registered to run for reelection.
Venezuela has fostered a series of initiatives to counteract climate change effects during the last years, developing projects of hydroelectric power generation, implementing mass transport systems with clean energy and replacing incandescent bulbs for fluorescent bulbs.
A clear example of it is Caruachi hydroelectric power plant, which together with Guri and Macagua power plants supply 71 percent of the energy used in Venezuela.
These power plants have allowed to generate clean and reliable energy throughout 5 thousand kilometers of transmission lines installed in Venezuela, enough to back up growth in the oil sector and supply electricity to some areas in Brazil and Colombia.
Hydroelectricity is also used in the subway system to move thousands of passengers in the Metropolitan Area of Caracas. Such service is also used in the cities of Valencia, Maracaibo, Merida and Los Teques, contributing to relieve overcrowding in the cities and improving the quality of life of customers.
Wind Farm Paraguana
Another initiative is the Wind Farm of Paraguana, western state of Falcon, aimed at supplying clean, non-polluting energy to the national electric system.
The wind farm is expected to start working next August, informed vice-minister of new sources of energy and rational use, Hector Constant, last month of May.
Hector Constant underscored Venezuela has quite significant climate capabilities to exploit wind power.
"We have beautiful sun and wind to produce wind power; we even have the capability to exploit sea power," he added.
On August 15, 2005 Venezuela stopped using leaded petrol nationwide. Nevertheless, all gas stations in the country provide two kinds of this oil: traditional 95 octanes unleaded petrol and 91 octanes unleaded petrol.
Replacing about 52 millions of incandescent bulbs for energy saving bulbs has allowed to release at least two thousand megawatts of power per day at night. This quantity is equivalent to the power supplied by the hydroelectric power plant Caruachi.